Accommodation in Vodice
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Šibenik
    Šibenik

Sibenik is located 12 kilometers from Vodice.  Šibenik is a historic town with a beautiful old town and therefore unavoidable during your visit to Vodice. Let a private guide bring you closer to this city and enrich your visit to Dalmatia .

Šibenik was mentioned for the first time on Christmas in 1066 in a document issued by the King Petar Krešimir IV, therefore also called the Krešimir town. It was founded by Croats over a thousand years ago, making it the oldest native Croatian town on the Adriatic.

It started to develop out from the settlement at the foot of the St. Michael's Fortress on a steep cliff above the city. The city status was given in 1169.

After Dalmatia had been sold to the Venetians, Šibenik came under the rule of Venice in 1412. Due to the hard wars with the Turks, fortification systems were built for the defence againts the Ottomans. In 1647 the battle for Šibenik was the greatest Ottoman attack on Šibenik.

In the middle of the 16th century, the plague dwindled the city and caused its long-term decline and slow recovery. In 1797, after the collapse of Venice, Šibenik became a part of the Habsburg Monarchy until the end of the First World War. After that, the Italian occupation lasted until 1921, when the city was annexed to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. But in 1941, Šibenik was again occupied by the Italians, and after the capitulation of Italy in World War II, the formal authority was taken over by the NDH-Independent State of Croatia. During the Second World War, the Allies bombed the city and the City Hall was demolished.

During the socialist Yugoslavia, new factories and plants were opened in the city, the economy flourished, but all this changed during the Croatian War of Independence of the 1990s. After the war, in which our county gave a great deal, the city is slowly turning to tourism and today it is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Croatia.Juraj Matvejev Dalmatinac was born in Zadar but lived in Šibenik from 1441 to 1473 or 1475, Croatian and Italian sculptor and architect.

He deserves credit for having established the Šibenik Architectural School. He was one of the greatest Renaissance craftsmen famous for the construction of the imposing Cathedral of St. James.

The Cathedral of St. James in Šibenik is one of the most significant and most beautiful architectural achievements in Croatia and was included on the UNESCO Cultural World Heritage List in 2000. It was built in a stretch of more than a hundred years, during the 15th and 16th century, and is unique for it is entirely built of stone. The most important builders of the Cathedral were Juraj Dalmatinac (Georgius Mathei Dalmaticus) and Nikola Firentinac (Niccolò di Giovanni Fiorentino). The Cathedral was first built in Gothic, and completed in Renaissance style. Its beauty is especially emphasized by the imposing Renaissance dome, the work of Niccolò di Giovanni Fiorentino, which was damaged in the Croatian War of Independence, and nowadays is a special symbol of Šibenik.  The Cathedral is also known for its iconographic innovations, among which a special place is occupied by sculptures of 71 heads on the outside part of the shrine, the work of Georgius Mathei Dalmaticus, for which scientists are still not quite sure who they represent.

St Nicholas' Fortress at the entrance to the St Anthony's Channel in Šibenik represents a unique Renaissance building of Venetian fortification architecture and an exceptional monument of the world’s architectural heritage.It was constructed on the islet of Ljuljevac, where once was the Benedictine monastery of St Nicholas, after which the fortress was named. The construction of the fortress, based on Gian Girolamo San Micheli’s design, commenced in 1540 after the fall of Skradin under the Ottoman rule, when the Venetians were forced to strengthen the defence of Šibenik port, which was the most important port on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea. Particular value of St Nicholas’ Fortress lies in its original form and some rare Renaissance architectural solutions, so in 2017 it was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as part of the nomination The Defence System of the Republic of Venice between the 16th and 17th Centuries.

 

TOUR PLAN:

 

  • Private walking tour through the old town
  • Visit to the cathedral St. Jacob ( outside)

 

OPTIONAL:

  • Visit to cathedral St . Jacob (entrance)
  • Visit to fortress St. Michael
  • Visit to fortress Barone
  • Visit to city museum Šibenik

 

AVAILABILITY: every day, entire year

Duration: 2 hours

 

 

Source: https://www.sibenik-tourism.hr